Children with epilepsy may have seizures only once in a while, or they may have them every day. And though seizures can be scary for parents and caregivers, they aren’t painful and are usually brief.
If your child shows signs of having a convulsive (also known as a major motor or gand mal) seizure:
Make sure the child is breathing.
Roll the child onto his or her side.
Place the child on the ground in a safe area.
Remove any nearby objects that the child might hit.
Loosen any clothing around the child’s head and neck.
Remain with your child until the seizure is over.
Watch closely so you can describe what happened before, during, and after the seizure.
Do not try to restrain the child’s movements.
Do not put anything in the child’s mouth.
Do not wake the child if he or she falls asleep after the seizure.
Do not give the child anything to eat or drink until he or she is awake and alert.
Develop a list of safety measures with your doctor to prevent injury to your child when he or she has a seizure.
Carefully monitor activities such as swimming and bathing to keep your child safe in the case of a seizure.
Inform other caretakers of your child’s condition. Instruct them in how to respond to a seizure if it happens.
If your child is on medication, make sure it is taken as prescribed.
Keep track of the number of remaining pills and refills. Call your doctor for refills if you are running low.
Speak to your doctor about if and when it will be safe for your child to learn to drive and get a driver's license.
Call 911 or emergency services if your child:
Has trouble breathing
Has bluish skin
Has a heart condition
Hurts himself during the seizure
Has a seizure that lasts more than 5 minutes
Has a seizure that seems different than usual
Remains unconscious, unresponsive, or confused for more than 5 minutes after the seizure