Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure. It lets the doctor see your reproductive organs close up. After you are given anesthesia, small incisions are made in your abdomen. A laparoscope is used. This is a long, thin tube with a camera on the end that sends pictures to a video screen. It is put through one small incision. The surgeon can see inside the body. Surgical tools are put through the other incisions.
Your doctor needs to see clearly during surgery. To do this, your abdomen is inflated with a harmless gas. A device may be inserted into the vagina to lift the uterus. This helps your doctor see your organs better through the scope.
These may include:
Damage to blood vessels, nerves, muscles, or nearby pelvic structures
Risks of anesthesia
Hernia at the incision site
Need for a larger incision