What Is Insomnia?

Man talking to healthcare provider.Do you have trouble falling asleep? Do you wake up often during the night? Or maybe you wake up too early in the morning. You may be suffering from insomnia. Talk to your healthcare provider if it lasts longer than a few weeks and you feel tired most of the time.

What causes insomnia?

Some common causes of insomnia are:

  • Medical problems such as pain, depression, medicine side effects, or trouble breathing

  • Circadian rhythm disorder, a shift in the body’s normal 24-hour activity cycle

  • Lifestyle factors such as a changing sleep schedule, lack of exercise, or too much caffeine

  • Sleep settings such as a poor mattress, noise, or a room that’s too hot or too cold

  • Stress such as problems at work, money worries, or family events

Talk to your healthcare provider

Describe your sleeping problems to your healthcare provider. Try to keep a daily sleep diary for a couple weeks. Write down the time you go to bed, the time you wake up, and anything that seems to affect your sleep. Your healthcare provider can work with you to develop a treatment plan. You may need to learn good sleeping habits and make some lifestyle changes. If you have any medical problems, these may need to be treated first.

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