Your healthcare provider will check the health of your kidneys. That way, treatment can be adjusted if your condition changes. If you have other health problems that affect your kidneys, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, they will be checked also.
Your healthcare provider may want to see you every few months. This is to see how well your kidneys are working. Your visits may include any of these tests:
Urine tests. Your urine is checked for protein or albumin, blood, and other signs of problems. A complete 24-hour collection may be used to measure how well your kidneys are working.
Blood tests. These tests measure wastes, such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine, left in the blood. You may have other blood tests to check for health problems caused by reduced kidney function. These include:
Low blood counts (anemia)
Parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism which leads to weak bones)
Low vitamin D levels (weak bones and other problems)
Low calcium and high blood phosphorus levels (weak bones)
High or low potassium (irregular heartbeat)
Imaging tests (ultrasound exams, CT and MRI scans, and other tests).These will show damage to the kidneys and blood vessels. Be sure to to tell the radiologist (X-ray specialist) that you have kidney disease. Some X-ray tests use dyes that can be harmful to your kidneys.
Be a partner in your care. Try the tips below to help maintain your health.
Stick to your diet. People with kidney disease may need to follow a special diet. You may need to avoid foods that are high in salt, potassium, and phosphorus. You may have to discuss your diet with a nutrition specialist (dietitian). Control other health problems, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and anemia.
Talk to your doctor before taking any new medicines, either prescription or over-the-counter, or herbal remedies. Many medicines are eliminated from the body through the kidneys. Your doses may need to be adjusted, depending on how your kidneys are working. Also, some medicines can hurt kidney function and need to be avoided.
Stop smoking. Smoking can increase kidney damage.
Exercise regularly. It helps you stay healthy and may help your kidneys work better.
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