Cystocele occurs when the bladder prolapses (sags) into the vagina. The goal of surgery is to repair the problem. This will help relieve your symptoms. Your surgery may include 1 or more repairs.
Cystocele can be treated with an anterior repair. This type of surgery is done through the vagina. The sagging bladder is moved back into its normal position. Sutures (stitches) are placed in tissue between the bladder and the vagina. This helps hold the bladder in place. In some cases, another type of surgery is done. It can help correct weakness in the front wall of the vagina. The vagina is attached to strong tissues in the side wall of the pelvis.
During surgery, the doctor will reach your pelvic organs through the vagina or the abdomen. An incision may be made in the vaginal wall. Surgery through the abdomen may be done with a single incision made up and down (vertically) or across (transverse), or through several small incisions (called laparoscopy).
Risks of anesthesia
Damage to nerves, muscles, or nearby pelvic structures
Prolapse of the pelvic organ or organs occurring again