Cigarette smoke damages lung tissue and irritates airways, which makes breathing harder. Smoking also damages cilia (tiny hairs) in the airways, so the cilia can’t do their job of clearing mucus, dirt, and germs from the lungs. It’s never too late to quit smoking. Your health will start to improve on the same day you stub out your last cigarette.
You may be more likely to quit for good if you seek support from others.
Talk with your healthcare provider about your plans to quit. Ask about medicines that can help. Some contain nicotine and some do not. Some are available by prescription. You can buy others over-the-counter. These medicines help control the desire to use tobacco and the uncomfortable symptoms people have when they try to quit. Others gradually lessen the level of nicotine in the body. Your healthcare provider can tell you about all the choices available including:
Oral medicines such as bupropion or varenicline
Nicotine replacement therapy such as gum, lozenge, a patch, inhaler, or nasal spray
Join a support group or get advice from an ex-smoker.
Ask other smokers in your household to quit with you.
There isn’t one right way to stop smoking. Everyone quits in his or her own way. Some of these tips may help:
Make a list of reasons you want to quit. Keep this list and read it often.
Pick a date to quit smoking. Then stick to it.
List the things that make you want to smoke. Think of ways to avoid these triggers.
Set goals for yourself, such as going for a week without smoking. Reward yourself when you meet your goals.
If you don’t quit the first time, keep trying! Many people have to try more than once before they stop smoking for good.
National Cancer Institute Smoking Quitline: 877-44U-QUIT (877-448-7848)