Tubal sterilization is one of the most effective forms of birth control. It blocks the egg from being fertilized by sperm. This prevents pregnancy. The surgery can be an outpatient procedure or done after the birth of a child. It can be done at the time of delivery if you are having a cesarean section.
If you have tubal sterilization, you most likely will never get pregnant again. Be sure that’s what you want. Talk it over with your health care provider and your partner. Surgery to undo tubal sterilization is complicated. It is costly. And it is not always successful. So think of tubal sterilization as a lifelong birth control choice.
Your health care provider will choose the best way to block your tubes. Tubes may be closed with heat (cauterization). They may be closed with a clip or ring. Or they may be tied off and cut.
Your health care provider will tell you your options for how the surgery will be done. There are several options for surgical sterilization. Your health care provider will also discuss with you the complete removal of the tubes as an added benefit to decreasing ovarian cancer risk.
This surgery is done without a hospital stay. For the procedure, a laparoscope is used. This is a thin tube with a camera and a light on the end. The health care provider makes 1 to 2 small incisions in the stomach. The scope is put through 1 of the incisions. The scope sends live pictures of your fallopian tubes to a video screen. Surgical tools are placed through the other small incisions. Using the live images, the health care provider blocks your tubes. All tools are removed. The incisions are then closed with sutures or staples.
A small incision is made near the navel or at the pubic hairline. This surgery is often done right after childbirth. An incision is made just underneath the belly button. Just after childbirth your uterus is enlarged, so it is easier to locate the tubes from an incision near the navel than from an incision near the pubic bone. The health care provider works through this incision to block the tubes. The incision is then closed with sutures or staples. After a cesarean delivery, the sterilization can be done through the existing incision.
This surgery can be done in your health care provider's office with sedation to keep you comfortable. A speculum is placed in the vagina and a thin tube with a camera and a light on the end is passed through the cervix into the uterus. Small coils are then placed into the fallopian tubes. It takes 3 months for the tubes to form scars over the coils and block the passage of sperm. You will need to use another method of contraception during these 3 months. Then a test called an HSG (hysterosalpingogram) is done to confirm the tubes are blocked.