A bruise (contusion) happens when small blood vessels break open and leak blood into the nearby area. An eye bruise is often caused by something hitting the eye or nose. You may have pain and swelling around the eye. The skin may also change color. It may be red at first and then darken. For this reason, an eye bruise is often called a black eye.
If needed, imaging tests, such as an X-ray, may be done to help rule out more serious problems.
Pain and swelling should improve in a few days. Bruising may take longer to go away.
If you have been prescribed medicines for pain, take them as directed.
To help reduce swelling and pain for the first day or 2, apply an ice pack to the injured eye for up to 20 minutes. Do this as often as directed. You can make an ice pack by filling a plastic bag that seals at the top with ice cubes, and then wrapping it with a clean, thin towel. Never put an ice pack directly on the skin.
Because the injury was to your face or head, it's possible that you could have a mild brain injury called a concussion. Symptoms of a concussion can show up later. For this reason, you need to watch for concussion symptoms once you’re home. These include:
Nausea or vomiting
Sensitivity to light or noise
Abnormal sleepiness or grogginess
Trouble falling asleep
Trouble walking or clumsiness
Loss of consciousness (even for a short time)
Inability to be awakened
Follow up with your healthcare provider, or as directed. If imaging tests were done, they will be reviewed by a healthcare provider. You’ll be told the results and any new findings that may affect your treatment.
Call your healthcare provider or get medical care right away if any of these occur:
Pain, bruising, or swelling worsens
Vision changes, such as seeing small dots or double vision
Inability to move the eye
Bleeding on the eyeball surface