Cancer can occur at any age, but mostly appears in people middle-aged and older. The body is constantly growing new cells to replace older ones. A tumor occurs when cells of the body begin to reproduce abnormally.
If a tumor is benign (not cancerous), it will remain localized and grow slowly. A malignant tumor (cancerous) will spread to nearby tissues, and then through the blood and lymph to other parts of the body. When cancer spreads from its original site, it is called metastatic.
Carcinomas originate in skin tissue and the mucous membrane lining of the internal organs such as the lungs, breast, colon, and intestines.
Sarcomas grow in bones and connective tissues.
Lymphomas are cancers of the lymph nodes.
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. This starts in the bone marrow where the blood cells are made.
Myelomas are tumors of bone marrow, and can appear in the ribs, vertebrae, and pelvic bones.
Lung Cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women.
Breast Cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women.
Prostate Cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men.
Colon or Colorectal Cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths for both men and women combined.
Cancer is treated by surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of these methods. Early detection and advances in therapy have led to higher success rates in the battle against cancer. Many cancers that used to be hard to treat are now considered curable.
Blood in the stool (black or red)
Unexpected weight loss
A skin sore that does not heal
Lump in the breast, neck, armpit or groin
Indigestion or swallowing difficulty
A change in the appearance of a wart or mole
Persistent cough or hoarseness
Counseling and help from support groups can offer immense emotional and psychological support. For more information:
The AMC Cancer Information and Counseling Line provides current medical information and counseling for cancer issues. (800) 525-3777 email@example.com
The National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship is a survivor-led advocacy organization working exclusively on behalf of people with all types of cancer. (877) 622-7937 firstname.lastname@example.org