It’s not a myth that most kids will get an ear infection at some point. Five out of six kids will have one before they turn 3 years old.
Ear infections are different than a simple earache. Both start as an inflammation inside the ear from a buildup of fluid that isn’t draining properly. This can have many causes.
Most commonly, earaches are symptoms of a mild upper-respiratory-tract infection like the common cold. If your child has ear pain along with coughing, nasal congestion, or a sore throat, the earache may go away once the illness does.
If the pain doesn’t go away — or came on suddenly — it’s important to recognize early signs and symptoms of an ear infection. Children with ear infections will pull on their ears or be very sensitive when anyone touches their ear, more so than with an earache. There may also be more irritability, crying, or fussiness than usual. Some children do not eat well when they have an ear infection.
Fevers and temperature spikes are also common with ear infections, and parents should be vigilant about treating these.
While antibiotics are a typical treatment for infections, it may not be what your doctor recommends for your child.
Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Association of Family Physicians suggest an observation period for some children first — 48 to 72 hours based on the child’s age, the diagnosis, and severity of the illness. Parents are encouraged to relieve their child’s symptoms in the meantime and have a ready means of communication with their doctor should symptoms get worse. After the observation period, antibiotics may be prescribed if needed.
Every child's immune system is different, so it can take weeks or months for the infection to heal. Making sure that the child is receiving adequate medication — antibiotic or not — will accelerate the healing process.
Getting tubes put in the ears is often synonymous with childhood ear infections. Insertion of these tubes is the most common outpatient surgery performed on children in the United States. You may have had them yourself.
The tubes are meant to support the eustachian tube inside the ear that typically allows fluid to drain properly. When the eustachian tube doesn't stay opened — as a child’s smaller eustachian tubes are prone to do — the fluid pools and can become infected.
Among other factors, candidates for this surgery have had an ear infection or recurring ear infections for longer than three months.
The tubes are not a replacement for medication; they’re a way to address a structural problem inside a child’s ear that’s leading to ear infections. Treatment of a current infection may still require an antibiotic or other medication.
While these things can help, don’t be surprised if your child still gets an ear infection. Watch for symptoms and get your child help as soon as they need it.
I recommend scheduling an appointment with a physician within a few days of noticing symptoms of an ear infection, or if the initial symptoms fail to improve within the first few days. It's important to get a definitive diagnosis, and a physician will be able to provide that.
Emergency treatment for ear infections is generally not needed. Children with symptoms who are younger than a month old, immunosuppressed, or have cochlear implants should be seen and evaluated right away. A severe infection or pus drainage from the ear can require emergency treatment.
Caring for a sick child can be stressful at times for any parent. Having a supportive medical team and seeking treatment early are essential. The Fairview clinic in Uptown is one of more than a dozen Fairview clinics that offer walk-in care for sick kids, so if your child has an ear infection or a condition that needs care right away, our team is here to help.