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Teen Immunization Recommendations

Vaccine

How Often

Disease Prevented

Recommended For:

Hepatitis A (HepA)

2 doses

Hepatitis A, an infection that can cause acute liver inflammation and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes)

Anyone who hasn’t been vaccinated

Hepatitis B (HepB)

3 doses

Hepatitis B, an infection that causes severe, chronic liver disease

Anyone who didn’t receive all doses as a child

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

3 doses

Human papillomavirus, a virus that causes genital warts and may increase risk of cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and anal cancers

Girls starting at age 11 or 12 (minimum age 9); boys between ages 9 and 18

Influenza

1 dose every year

Influenza, a viral illness that can cause severe respiratory problems

All children aged 6 months through 18 years and adults 19 and older

Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)

2 doses

Measles, a disease that causes red spots on the skin, fever, and coughing

Mumps, a disease that causes swelling in the salivary glands and may affect the ovaries or testicles

Rubella (German measles), a disease that can cause rash, mild fever, and arthritis; if caught by a pregnant woman, can cause birth defects

Anyone who didn’t receive 2 doses as a child. There is a booster recommended as an adult 19 years and up after the primary series in childhood.

Meningococcal (MCV)

1 or more doses

Bacterial meningitis, an inflammation of the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord; can lead to death

Once at 11 through 12 years, with a booster at 16. If vaccinated at 13 through 15 years, a booster is needed at 16 through 18 years. College freshmen should be vaccinated if they have not been before.
Note: If child has low immune system due to HIV or other medical condition, the healthcare provider may recommend vaccinating child at a younger age than 13.

Pneumococcal (PPSV)

1 or more doses

Pneumonia, a disease that causes inflammation of the lungs and can lead to death

Any teen with a health condition, or exposure to someone at high risk

Polio (IPV)

3 or 4 doses

Polio, a disease that causes paralysis and can lead to death

Anyone who didn’t receive all doses as a child

Tetanus, Diptheria, and Pertussis (Tdap)

  • 3 initial doses

  • A booster of Td at age 11-12

  • A booster of Td every 10 years

Tetanus (lockjaw), a disease that causes muscles to spasm

Diphtheria, an infection that causes fever, weakness, and breathing problems

Pertussis (whooping cough), an infection that causes a severe cough

Anyone who hasn’t had their three initial doses, or hasn’t had a booster in the last 10 years, and then a dT every 10 years. The Tdap replaces one of the dT boosters.

Varicella

2 doses

Chickenpox, a disease that causes itchy skin bumps, fever, and fatigue; can lead to scarring, pneumonia, or brain inflammation

Anyone who previously did not receive both doses

Immunization schedule based on the CDC National Immunization Program recommendations as of January 1, 2012, as approved by the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians.

 

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