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Discharge Instructions for Cellulitis

You have been diagnosed with cellulitis. This is an infection in the deepest layer of the skin. In some cases, the infection also affects the muscle. Cellulitis is caused by bacteria. The bacteria can enter the body through broken skin. This can happen with a cut, scratch, animal bite, or an insect bite that has been scratched. You may have been treated in the hospital with antibiotics and fluids. You will likely be given a prescription for antibiotics to take at home. This sheet will help you take care of yourself at home.

Home Care

When you are home:

  • Take the prescribed antibiotic medication you are given as directed until it is gone. Take it even if you feel better. It treats the infection and stops it from returning. Not taking all of the medication can make future infections hard to treat.

  • Keep the infected area clean.

  • When possible, raise the infected area above the level of your heart. This helps keep swelling down.

  • Talk to your doctor if you are in pain. Ask what kind of over-the-counter medication you can take for pain.

  • Apply clean bandages as advised.

  • Take your temperature once a day for a week.

  • Wash your hands often to prevent spreading the infection.

In the future, wash your hands before and after you touch cuts, scratches, or bandages. This will help prevent infection. 

When to Call Your Doctor

Call your doctor immediately if you have any of the following:

  • Vomiting

  • Fever of100.4°F (38°C) or higher, or as directed by your health care provider

  • Shaking chills

  • Redness that gets worse in or around the infected area

  • Swelling of the infected area

  • Pain that gets worse in or around the infected area

  • Difficulty or pain when moving the joints above or below the infected area

  • Discharge or pus draining from the area


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