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What Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease. It is the leading cause of vision loss in adults over age 50. One or both eyes may be affected. The part of the eye that controls your central, detailed vision (the macula) is damaged. Your central vision becomes limited. But your side vision remains clear. There are two types of AMD: dry and wet.

Dry AMD

Dry is the most common type of macular degeneration. In the early stages, you may not notice any vision changes. But over time, your central vision may slowly get worse. You may see wavy lines and blank spots in the center of your vision. Colors may look dim. There is no way to restore vision lost from dry AMD. But you need to check it. It can turn into wet AMD.

Wet AMD

Wet AMD is less common but more serious. Vision loss may be faster and more noticeable. You may suddenly see dark spots, blank spots, wavy lines, and dim colors in the center of your vision. If wet AMD is caught early, certain treatments may help to slow further vision loss. These include shots (injections), photodynamic therapy, or laser surgery.

 

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