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Hypothyroidism

You have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism. This means your thyroid gland is not producing enough thyroid hormone. This hormone is important to body growth and metabolism. If you don't have enough, many body processes slow down, causing mental and physical sluggishness. A variety of other symptoms may occur and vary from mild to severe. The most severe form of this illness is called myxedema.

Signs Of Hyperthyroidism  (too much thyroid hormone, which can be a side effect of treatment for low thyroid):

  • Restlessness, nervousness

  • Increased appetite with weight loss

  • Excess sweating

  • Palpitations or irregular heartbeat

  • Feeling overheated

Signs Of Hypothyroidism  (too little thyroid hormone):

  • Fatigue or sluggishness

  • Difficulty concentrating or thinking clearly; forgetfulness

  • Dry skin, hair loss

  • Depression

  • Unexpected weight gain

  • Feeling cold, or cold hands and/or feet

Home Care:

  1. Take your medicine exactly as directed at the same time every day. Don't take thyroid pills with soy milk since this interferes with absorption.

  2. After taking your thyroid medicine:

    • Wait 4 hours before eating or drinking anything that contains soy.

    • Wait 4 hours before taking iron supplements, antacids that contain either calcium or aluminum hydroxide, or calcium supplements (regular amounts of cow’s milk are probably okay).

  3. Do not stop treatment on your own. If you do, your symptoms will return.

  4. Eat a high-fiber, low-calorie diet to relieve constipation and maintain a healthy weight.

  5. Get regular exercise. Talk to your doctor about an exercise program that is right for you.

Follow Up

with your doctor or as advised by our staff. Your thyroid level will need to be monitored for the rest of your life. During your routine visits, tell your doctor about any symptoms such as the ones listed below.

Get Prompt Medical Attention

if any of the following occur:

  • Extreme fatigue

  • Puffy hands, face, or feet

  • Chest pain or trouble breathing

  • Palpitations or irregular heartbeat

  • Confusion or loss of consciousness

 

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