Normal and Abnormal Development: Birth to 3 years of age

Audience: P.T., P.T.A., O.T., C.O.T.A.. S.L.P., Audiologist
Course level: Intermediate
Date: March 5 and 6, 2011
Check In time: 7:30 a.m. - 8:00 a.m.
Class time: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Location: University of Minnesota Fairview, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55454
Dining Room A, east building of hospital, 1st Floor. 

Contact hours: 15.0

Register for this course.


Megan Bresnahan,
O.T., graduated from University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse in 2000 and has worked for Fairview Rehab Services since 2001, first as a casual employee and then as core starting in 2004. She also worked at the Courage Center in Golden Valley with both adult and pediatric populations. Megan has an interest in pediatrics including sensory processing disorder, general development, and international adoption.

Andrea Dahl, M.A., C.C.C.-S.L.P., is a graduate of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities and Duluth Campuses. She has been a practicing speech-language pathologist for 15 years. Andrea began working at the University of Minnesota Medical Center-Fairview in 1996, treating both pediatrics and adults. From 2002-2008 her focus was primarily pediatric inpatients and outpatients. Andrea’s expertise includes infant feeding and swallowing; head injury in both pediatric and adult populations; video fluoroscopic swallow studies; velopharyngeal incompetence; and pediatric speech and language evaluation and treatment. Andrea has provided educational lectures for Fairview and UMP nursing staff and physicians, contributed to poster presentations for national conferences, and provided a two-day course on pediatric feeding and swallowing a St. Cloud State University.

Melissa Ferrello, Au.D., C.C.C.-A., F.A.A.A.,  received her undergraduate degree at the University of Notre Dame and then received her master’s and doctorate in Audiology at Indiana University. She has been an audiologist at Fairview since 2005. She performs diagnostic evaluations of both pediatrics and adults, and has performed vestibular evaluations in the Balance Center. Currently she specializes in pediatric amplification (including cochlear implants and hearing aids), as well as electrophysiological measures including auditory brainstem response evaluations and intraoperative monitoring. She has given various presentations including the topics of Audiology as well a Minnesota Hands and Voices, and also serves on the American Academy of Audiology’s Membership Committee as a sub-committee chair.

Maria Kroupina, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of Pediatrics in the Division of Global Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Kroupina sees internationally adopted children on an outpatient basis. Current funded research includes a study on nutritional status of recently arrived internationally adopted children, and collaborative work as a co-investigator regarding recovery from early life stress in children adopted from institutions (PI: Megan Gunnar, Ph.D.) and neurobehavioral correlates of early deprivation (PI: Megan Gunnar, Ph.D.). Dr. Kroupina’s master’s degree in clinical psychology was awarded by Moscow State University Department of Psychology (Moscow, Russia). She earned her Ph.D. at the University of Minnesota. She has additional professional training in family systems (Moscow Center for Marriage and Family Therapy), attachment disturbances (Tulane University), and the Stanley Greenspan intensive online training course in infancy and early childhood training titled Developmental, Individual Difference, and Relationship-based (DIR) Floortime Model. She also teaches medical residents as part of the elective in adoption medicine.

Kim Merrill, C.O., is a Certified Orthoptist with 13 years of experience with pediatric ophthalmology at the University of Minnesota. Board Certifications include: Orthoptist, the early treatment of Retinopathy of Prematurity study (E.T.R.O.P.) Certified Vision Tester, A.T.S. Certified Vision Tester. Kim graduated from University of South Dakota with a bachelor's degree and University of Minnesota Orthoptic Certification program.

Susan Jacobsen
is a P.T. with over 20 years of pediatric experience treating children of all ages. She received a her degree from the University of North Dakota, a Master’s Degree in Public Health from the University of Minnesota and a transitional D.P.T. degree from St. Catherine University. Susan completed both the Pediatric N.D.T. course and the Pediatric N.D.T. gait course.

Holly Schifsky is an O.T.R./.L., who graduated from the University of North Dakota in 1997 with her degree in occupational therapy. She has been with Fairview since August 2010 and works for Fairview's Flexible Work Force. Prior to her employment at Fairview, she worked at Madonna Rehabilitation hospital in Lincoln, NE for 12 years as a senior occupational therapist focused on pediatrics, burn injuries, and neurological conditions. She has lectured at multiple Universities and regional conferences on the above topics and is a member of the National Pediatric Task Force that developed the Pediatric Acquired Brain Injury Act. Her clinical work has focused on pediatrics with advanced training in pediatric N.D.T., serial casting, and kinesiotaping.

Course description
This course is focusing on Pediatric ages of newborns to 3 years of age with discussion on gross motor, fine motor, speech and language, young baby respiratory, feeding-with selected treatment. Topics will also include hearing development and testing, Vision development and testing, and early cognitive development.

Motor Development

  • Participant will have understanding of normal gross motor and fine motor development from infant to age 3 years old.
  • Participant will understand how missing components of normal development affect movement patterns and motor skills.
  • Participant will have access to demonstrations, audio visual materials and written materials to further his/her knowledge of motor skill development and selected treatment strategies to promote motor skill.
  • Participant will understand the pulmonary anatomy and development of the pediatric population.
  • Participant will be able to discuss the theoretical and clinical skills to complete an assessment of the pulmonary system in the pediatric population.
Speech/Language and Feeding
  • Participant will have a understanding of normal speech and language development from infant to age 3 years old.
  • Participant will have an understanding of normal and abnormal feeding development.
  • Participant will have and understanding of the major cognitive milestones during the 0 to 3 year development period.
  • Participant will understand the impact of social-emotional environment on brain vision screening.
  • Participant will have understanding of normal visual development.
  • Participant will be able to assess some signs of abnormal visual development.
  • Participant will have better understanding of vision assessment and binocular vision screening.
  • Participant will become familiar with audiologic assessment and behavioral testing of pediatric population.
  • Participant will be able to discuss the auditory system and its development, both normal and abnormal.
  • Participant will be able to understand the implications and indications for hearing aids and cochlear implants in the pediatric population.

7:30-8:00 a.m.       Registration and check-in
8:00-9:30 a.m.       Newborn to age one gross motor, fine motor, speech and language, feeding - with selected treatment                                                                                  
9:30-9:45 a.m.       BREAK
9:45-12:00 p.m.    Continue Newborn to age one12:00-1: p.m.    LUNCH
1:00-2:00 p.m.       Hearing development and testing (infant to 3 years old) -Melissa Ferrello
                                  Vision development and testing (Infant to 3 years old)-Kim Merrill
                                  Early cognitive development (infant to 3 years old)-Maria Kroupina
2:45-3:00 p.m..      BREAK
3:00-5:00 p.m..      Vision development and testing (Infant to 3 years old)-Kim Merrill
                                  Early cognitive development (infant to 3 years old)-Maria Kroupina                          

8:00-9:45 a.m.       Ages1-2 years gross motor, fine motor, speech and language, feeding with selected treatment 
9:45-10:00 a.m.     BREAK
10:00-noon            Continue Ages1-2 years
12:00-1:00 p.m.     LUNCH
1:00-2:00 p.m.        Ages 2-3 years gross motor, fine motor, speech and language, feeding with selected treatment. This course has been approved for Category I continuing education credit by the Minnesota Board Of Physical Therapy.

2:45-3:00 p.m.        BREAK
3:00-5:00 p.m.        Continue with Ages 2-3 years

This course has been approved for Category I continuing education credit by the Minnesota Board Of Physical Therapy. #4581

This course is eligible for AOTA approved provider credit. Fairview is an AOTA Approved Provider of continuing education.  AOTA does not endorse specific course content, products, or clinical procedures.

This course if offered for 1.5 CEUS (Intermediate level; Professional area).

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