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Discharge Instructions for Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

You have been diagnosed with a transient ischemic attack (TIA). You can think of a TIA as a temporary stroke; blood temporarily could not reach part of your brain. Unlike a stroke, TIAs usually cause no lasting damage. If you think you are having symptoms of a TIA or stroke, get medical help right away—even if the symptoms go away. 

When to Seek Medical Care

Call 911 right away if you have any of the following:

  • Weakness, tingling, or loss of feeling on one side of your face or body

  • Sudden double vision, or trouble seeing in one or both eyes

  • Sudden trouble talking, or slurring your speech

  • Trouble understanding others

  • Sudden, severe headache

  • Dizziness, loss of balance, or a spinning feeling, a sense of falling

  • Blackouts


  • Take your medications exactly as directed. Don’t skip doses.

  • Learn to take your blood pressure. Keep a log for your doctor.

  • Change your diet if your doctor tells you to. Your doctor may suggest that you cut back on salt. If so, here are some tips:

    • Limit canned, dried, packaged, and fast foods.

    • Don’t add salt to your food at the table.

    • Season foods with herbs instead of salt when you cook.

  • Maintain a healthy weight. Get help to lose any extra pounds.

  • Begin an exercise program. Ask your doctor how to get started. You can benefit from simple activities such as walking or gardening.

  • Limit your alcohol intake to no more than 2 drinks a day.

  • Know your cholesterol level. Follow your doctor’s recommendations about how to keep cholesterol under control.

  • If you are a smoker, break the smoking habit. Enroll in a stop-smoking program to improve your chances of success. Ask your doctor about medications or other methods to help you quit.


  • Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.

  • Some medications require blood tests to check for progress or problems. Keep follow-up appointments for any blood tests ordered by your doctors.


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