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Discharge Instructions for Hyperkalemia

You have been diagnosed with hyperkalemia (a high level of potassium in the blood). Potassium is important to the function of the nerve and muscle cells, including the cells of the heart. But a high level of potassium in the blood can cause abnormal heart rhythms and even heart attack.

Diet Changes

  • Eat less of these potassium-rich foods:

    • Bananas (avoid bananas completely)

    • Apricots, fresh or dried

    • Oranges and orange juice

    • Tomatoes, tomato sauce, and tomato juice

    • Spinach

    • Green, leafy vegetables, including salad greens, chard, and collards

    • Melons (all kinds)

    • Peas

    • Beans

    • Potatoes

    • Sweet potatoes

    • Avocados and guacamole

    • Vegetable juice (homemade or store-bought) and vegetable juice cocktail

    • Fruit juices

Other Home Care

  • Tell your doctor about all prescription and over-the-counter medications you are taking. Certain medications can increase potassium levels.

  • Take all medications exactly as directed.

  • Have your potassium levels checked regularly.

  • Keep all follow-up appointments. Your doctor needs to monitor your condition closely.

  • Learn to take your own pulse. If your pulse is less than 60 beats per minute or irregular, call your doctor.


Make a follow-up appointment as directed by our staff.

When to Call Your Doctor

Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following:

  • Chest pain (call 911)

  • Fainting (call 911)

  • Shortness of breath (call 911 if severe)

  • Slow, irregular heartbeat

  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness

  • Lightheadedness

  • Confusion


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