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Vaginal Infection: Yeast (Candidiasis)

Yeast infection occurs when yeast in the vagina increase and start attacking the vaginal tissues. Yeast is not bacteria, but a type of fungus. These infections are often caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. Other species of yeast can also cause infections. Factors that may make infection more likely include recent antibiotic use, douching, or increased frequency of intercourse. Yeast infections are more common in women who are diabetic, obese, pregnant, or have a suppressed immune system.

 

Symptoms of Yeast InfectionYoung woman taking a pill with a glass of water.

  • Clumpy or thin, white discharge

  • Slight cheeselike odor, or no odor

  • Severe vaginal itching or burning

  • Burning with urination

  • Swelling, redness of vulva

Treating Yeast Infection

Yeast infection is treated with a vaginal antifungal cream. In some cases, antifungal pills are prescribed instead. During treatment:

  • Finish all of your medication, even if your symptoms go away.

  • Apply the cream before going to bed. Lie flat after applying so that it doesn't drip out.

  • Do not douche or use tampons.

  • Don't rely on a diaphragm or condoms, since the cream may weaken them.

  • Avoid intercourse if advised by your healthcare provider.

  • Call your healthcare provider if symptoms persist or come back after your medication is finished.

Should I Treat a Yeast Infection Myself?

Discuss with your healthcare provider whether you should use over-the-counter medications to treat a yeast infection. Self-treatment may depend on whether:

  • You've had a yeast infection in the past.

  • You're at risk for STDs.

Call your healthcare provider if symptoms persist after treatment.

 

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