First Aid: Seizures - Fairview Health Services
 
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First Aid: Seizures

A seizure results from a sudden rush of abnormal electrical signals in the brain. Symptoms may range from a minor daze to uncontrollable muscle spasms (convulsion). In many cases, the victim will lose consciousness. A seizure can be caused by a high fever, head injury, drug reaction, or condition such as epilepsy.

1. Protect the Head:

  • Protecting the head and turning the seizure victim on his side to prevent choking.Help the victim to the floor if he or she begins losing muscle control. Turn the person on his or her side to prevent choking.

  • Protect the victim's head from injury by placing something soft, such as folded clothes, beneath it, and by moving objects away from the victim.

  • DON'T cause injury by restraining the person or by placing anything in his or her mouth.

2.  Preserve Dignity:

  • Reassuring the seizure victim as he is coming out of the seizure.Clear away bystanders.

  • Reassure the victim, who may be confused, drowsy, or hostile when coming out of the seizure.

  • Cover the person or provide dry clothes if muscle spasms have caused a loss of bladder control.

3. Check for Injury:

  • Make sure the victim's mental state has returned to normal. One way to do this is to ask the person his or her name, the year, and your location.

  • Injuries can occur to the head, mouth, or body. 

4. Call 911:

  • If the seizure lasts longer than five minutes

  • If a second seizure occurs

  • If the victim doesn’t regain consciousness

  • If the victim is pregnant

  • If the victim has no history of seizures

 

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