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What the Brain Does

Each part of the brain has a role in controlling the body. The brain controls breathing, blood flow, and movement. The brain also allows you to think, handle emotions, and make judgments.

The Brain

Side view outline of head with brain and spinal cord. Brain is body's control center. Brain stem links brain and spinal cord. Spinal cord carries messages between brain and body. Blood vessels carry blood to brain. Personality is in front of brain. Speech, hearing, and language are on side of brain. Movement and sensation are on middle of brain. Vision is at back of brain.

Roles of Different Areas in the Brain

  • The front of the brain is the center for emotions and reasoning. This is where personality comes from.

  • The right side of the brain controls the left side of the body. The right side also directs problem-solving and spatial skills, such as judging distance.

  • The left side of the brain controls the right side of the body. It also handles verbal or language skills.

  • The brain stem handles basic body functions, such as breathing, blood flow, and swallowing.

  • The back of the brain controls vision.

 

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