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Glipizide Oral tablet

What is this medicine?

GLIPIZIDE (GLIP i zide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. The medicine helps your body to use insulin better.

This medicine may be used for other purposes; ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • diabetic ketoacidosis

  • glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency

  • heart disease

  • kidney disease

  • liver disease

  • porphyria

  • severe infection or injury

  • thyroid disease

  • an unusual or allergic reaction to glipizide, sulfa drugs, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant

  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth. Swallow with a drink of water. Do not take with food. Take it 30 minutes before a meal. Follow the directions on the prescription label. If you take this medicine once a day, take it 30 minutes before breakfast. Take your doses at the same time each day. Do not take more often than directed.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

Elderly patients over 65 years old may have a stronger reaction and need a smaller dose.

Overdosage: If you think you have taken too much of this medicine contact a poison control center or emergency room at once.

NOTE: This medicine is only for you. Do not share this medicine with others.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

  • bosentan

  • chloramphenicol

  • cisapride

  • clarithromycin

  • medicines for fungal or yeast infections

  • metoclopramide

  • probenecid

  • warfarin

Many medications may cause an increase or decrease in blood sugar, these include:

  • alcohol containing beverages

  • aspirin and aspirin-like drugs

  • chloramphenicol

  • chromium

  • diuretics

  • female hormones, like estrogens or progestins and birth control pills

  • heart medicines

  • isoniazid

  • male hormones or anabolic steroids

  • medicines for weight loss

  • medicines for allergies, asthma, cold, or cough

  • medicines for mental problems

  • medicines called MAO Inhibitors like Nardil, Parnate, Marplan, Eldepryl

  • niacin

  • NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen

  • pentamidine

  • phenytoin

  • probenecid

  • quinolone antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin

  • some herbal dietary supplements

  • steroid medicines like prednisone or cortisone

  • thyroid medicine

This list may not describe all possible interactions. Give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use. Also tell them if you smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal drugs. Some items may interact with your medicine.

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress.

A test called the HbA1C (A1C) will be monitored. This is a simple blood test. It measures your blood sugar control over the last 2 to 3 months. You will receive this test every 3 to 6 months.

Learn how to check your blood sugar. Learn the symptoms of low and high blood sugar and how to manage them.

Always carry a quick-source of sugar with you in case you have symptoms of low blood sugar. Examples include hard sugar candy or glucose tablets. Make sure others know that you can choke if you eat or drink when you develop serious symptoms of low blood sugar, such as seizures or unconsciousness. They must get medical help at once.

Tell your doctor or health care professional if you have high blood sugar. You might need to change the dose of your medicine. If you are sick or exercising more than usual, you might need to change the dose of your medicine.

Do not skip meals. Ask your doctor or health care professional if you should avoid alcohol. Many nonprescription cough and cold products contain sugar or alcohol. These can affect blood sugar.

This medicine can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep out of the sun. If you cannot avoid being in the sun, wear protective clothing and use sunscreen. Do not use sun lamps or tanning beds/booths.

Wear a medical ID bracelet or chain, and carry a card that describes your disease and details of your medicine and dosage times.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue

  • breathing problems

  • dark urine

  • fever, chills, sore throat

  • signs and symptoms of low blood sugar such as feeling anxious, confusion, dizziness, increased hunger, unusually weak or tired, sweating, shakiness, cold, irritable, headache, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, loss of consciousness

  • unusual bleeding or bruising

  • yellowing of the eyes or skin

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • diarrhea

  • dizziness

  • headache

  • heartburn

  • nausea

  • stomach gas

This list may not describe all possible side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature below 30 degrees C (86 degrees F). Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

Glipizide Oral tablet, extended-release

What is this medicine?

GLIPIZIDE (GLIP i zide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It is combined with diet and exercise. The medicine helps your body to use insulin better.

This medicine may be used for other purposes; ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • diabetic ketoacidosis

  • glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency

  • heart disease

  • kidney disease

  • liver disease

  • porphyria

  • severe infection or injury

  • thyroid disease

  • an unusual or allergic reaction to glipizide, sulfa drugs, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant

  • breast-feeding

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Swallow the tablets with a drink of water and take with your breakfast. Take your medicine at the same time each day. Do not take more often than directed.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

Elderly patients over 65 years old may have a stronger reaction and need a smaller dose.

Overdosage: If you think you have taken too much of this medicine contact a poison control center or emergency room at once.

NOTE: This medicine is only for you. Do not share this medicine with others.

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

What may interact with this medicine?

  • bosentan

  • chloramphenicol

  • cisapride

  • medicines for fungal or yeast infections

  • metoclopramide

  • probenecid

  • warfarin

Many medications may cause an increase or decrease in blood sugar, these include:

  • alcohol containing beverages

  • aspirin and aspirin-like drugs

  • chloramphenicol

  • chromium

  • clarithromycin

  • female hormones, like estrogens or progestins and birth control pills

  • heart medicines

  • isoniazid

  • male hormones or anabolic steroids

  • medicines for weight loss

  • medicines for allergies, asthma, cold, or cough

  • medicines for mental problems

  • medicines called MAO Inhibitors like Nardil, Parnate, Marplan, Eldepryl

  • niacin

  • NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen

  • pentamidine

  • phenytoin

  • probenecid

  • quinolone antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin

  • some herbal dietary supplements

  • steroid medicines like prednisone or cortisone

  • thyroid medicine

  • water pills or diuretics

This list may not describe all possible interactions. Give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use. Also tell them if you smoke, drink alcohol, or use illegal drugs. Some items may interact with your medicine.

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress.

A test called the HbA1C (A1C) will be monitored. This is a simple blood test. It measures your blood sugar control over the last 2 to 3 months. You will receive this test every 3 to 6 months.

Learn how to check your blood sugar. Learn the symptoms of low and high blood sugar and how to manage them.

Always carry a quick-source of sugar with you in case you have symptoms of low blood sugar. Examples include hard sugar candy or glucose tablets. Make sure others know that you can choke if you eat or drink when you develop serious symptoms of low blood sugar, such as seizures or unconsciousness. They must get medical help at once.

Tell your doctor or health care professional if you have high blood sugar. You might need to change the dose of your medicine. If you are sick or exercising more than usual, you might need to change the dose of your medicine.

Do not skip meals. Ask your doctor or health care professional if you should avoid alcohol. Many nonprescription cough and cold products contain sugar or alcohol. These can affect blood sugar.

This medicine can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep out of the sun. If you cannot avoid being in the sun, wear protective clothing and use sunscreen. Do not use sun lamps or tanning beds/booths.

Wear a medical ID bracelet or chain, and carry a card that describes your disease and details of your medicine and dosage times.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue

  • breathing problems

  • dark urine

  • fever, chills, sore throat

  • signs and symptoms of low blood sugar such as feeling anxious, confusion, dizziness, increased hunger, unusually weak or tired, sweating, shakiness, cold, irritable, headache, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, loss of consciousness

  • unusual bleeding or bruising

  • yellowing of the eyes or skin

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • diarrhea

  • dizziness

  • headache

  • heartburn

  • nausea

  • stomach gas

This list may not describe all possible side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature between 15 to 30 degrees C (59 to 86 degrees F). Protect from moisture and humidity. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

 

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