A tendon is the thick fibrous cord that joins muscle to bone and causes joints to move. Tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon which may be due to overuse, injury or infection. This usually involves the shoulders, forearm, wrist, hands and foot. Symptoms include local pain, swelling and tenderness to the touch. Movement of the involved joint increases the pain.
Tendonitis requires about 4 to 6 weeks to heal. It is treated by preventing motion of the tendon with a splint or brace and use of anti-inflammatory medicine.
Apply an ice pack (ice cubes in a plastic bag, wrapped in a towel) over the injured area for 20 minutes every 1-2 hours the first day for pain relief. Continue this 3-4 times a day until the pain and swelling goes away.
Rest the inflamed joint and protect it from movement.
You may use ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) or naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn) to treat pain and inflammation, unless another medicine was prescribed. If you can't take these medicines, acetaminophen (Tylenol) may help with the pain, but does not treat inflammation. [NOTE : If you have chronic liver or kidney disease or ever had a stomach ulcer or GI bleeding, talk with your doctor before using these medicines.]
As your symptoms improve, begin gradual motion at the involved joint.
FOLLOW UP with your doctor if not improving after the first five days of treatment.
GET PROMPT MEDICAL ATTENTION if any of the following occur:
Redness over the painful area
Increasing pain or swelling at the joint
Fever of 100.4ºF (38ºC) or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider