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Nonsurgical and surgical treatments for bunions - Health Education

Stop living in pain

Podiatrists at University of Minnesota Physicians at Fairview in Maple Grove perform surgeries to rid patients of bunions, an abnormal, bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe.

CDM-2013-Bunions

Bunions…a pain in the foot

Bunions form when your big toe pushes up against your other toes, forcing your big toe joint in the opposite direction, away from normal profile of your foot. Over a period of time, the abnormal position enlarges your big toe joint and cause crowding of your other toes and pain. 

Bunions can occur for a number of reasons, but a common cause is wearing shoes that fit too tightly. Bunions can be genetic or occur as a result of arthritis or other medical conditions. Symptoms include:
  • Thickening of the skin at the base of your big toe
  • Corns or calluses
  • Persistent or intermittent pain
  • Restricted movement of your big toe
Treatments
Treatment for bunions can range from nonsurgical to surgical. You may try pain medications, changing shoes, or shoe inserts like over-the-counter arch supports or prescription orthotic devices.

If conservative treatment doesn't provide relief from your symptoms, you may need surgery. A number of surgical procedures are performed for bunions, and no particular surgery is best for every problem. Knowing what caused your bunion is essential for choosing the best procedure to ensure correction without recurrence.
“People tell me all the time, they regret putting the surgery off as long as they did. Patients will live with the pain for years, even decades because they’re afraid of surgery,” says James Mazzuca, DPM, a University of Minnesota Physicians podiatric surgeon who practices at Fairview Maple Grove Medical Center. “Bunion surgery is really nothing to fear,” he says. “Patients’ pain usually diminishes within two to three days after surgery; therefore, not requiring an extended use of pain pills.”  Bunion surgery is performed as an outpatient surgery. Patients are sedated, and then given a block to anesthetize the nerves in the foot.

“The advantages of using sedation instead of general anesthesia include a much faster time to wake up from anesthesia, less side effects like nausea and a quicker recovery. Also, the nerve block can typically last until the following day which helps decrease the total experience of pain,” says Dr. Mazzuca.

Full recovery from bunion surgery can take up to 12 weeks, but you can start wearing a comfortable walking or tennis type shoe within six weeks.

If you are tired of living with the pain of bunions, it’s time to see a podiatrist. To make an appointment at Fairview Maple Grove Medical Center, call 763-898-1000. Our team of podiatrists provides expert care for wide-range of foot and ankle problems and treatments, including surgery.

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Our Providers Make the Difference
Fairview features nearly 4,000 providers practicing at over 200 locations throughout the Minneapolis/St. Paul metro area and beyond. Fairview Clinics, University of Minnesota Physicians and our independent partner clinics provide an exceptional care experience, while lowering the overall costs of health care.

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Our Providers Make the Difference
Fairview features nearly 4,000 providers practicing at over 200 locations throughout the Minneapolis/St. Paul metro area and beyond. Fairview Clinics, University of Minnesota Physicians and our independent partner clinics provide an exceptional care experience, while lowering the overall costs of health care.
 
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