When veins are working properly, their valves pump blood from the limbs back to the heart. When these valves fail or leak, some of the blood flows in a backward direction where it may collect and pool in the legs. This can cause the veins to become enlarged, and that's when you may experience symptoms such as pain, burning, itching, throbbing and fatigue. Varicose veins may also interfere with your daily life. Left untreated, varicose veins may cause serious health issues such as venous leg ulcers, skin discolorations or blood clots. For patients with varicose veins, a portion of their treatment may be cosmetic, but some of it may also be medically necessary. Common risk factors include: heredity, pregnancy, occupation, obesity, age, and trauma.
Spider veins are closer to the skin's surface and are small, threadlike and wispy. They typically appear red or purple in color; however, reticular veins or “feeder” veins may be bluish-green and can have a marbled appearance. Spider veins and reticular veins are generally considered a cosmetic condition and are usually not covered by insurance. Common risk factors include: heredity, pregnancy, hormones, obesity, and trauma.
Facial spider veins range in size from small, wispy red and purple veins to larger blue-green veins. The small veins are commonly seen on the nose, cheeks and chin. The larger veins may be found in the temple area, around the eyes and along the jaw line. These veins typically do not cause pain and are considered cosmetic. Common vascular birthmarks are port-wine stains and hemangiomas. Port-wine stains, which are dark red or purple, consist of superficial and deep dilated capillaries in the skin and most often occur on the face but can appear anywhere on the body. Common risk factors include: heredity, trauma, and sun damage.